Computer Science and Engineering
Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) is the discipline that is behind the new Information Age we presently are in, whereby Human Intelligence, Effort and Analytical Abilities are supplemented, augmented or substituted with the Computational and Processing capabilities of Computers, Algorithms and Intelligent Systems. Dept of CSE in S.E.T. at Ansal University has state of the art labs, machines with high configuration and latest software required for teaching and research.
Scope for CSE
Computer Engineers and Computer Science Professionals are involved in many industrial segments like banking, public transport, public utilities, manufacturing, healthcare, service industry and government sectors as many of the processes and operations are technology-oriented and being computerized. Computing professionals are crucial personnel in academics, research, industry, government, private and business organizations and consultancies in the ongoing developments of automation and computerization.
Job Prospects for CSE
There are many MNC and Computer Software Giants that offer jobs with excellent remunerations with continuous opportunities for international exposure and experience. For a graduate specialized in Computer Science, there are vast job opportunities as
- Software Engineer
- Hardware Engineer
- Programming Engineer
- Web Developer
- System Analyst
- Network Engineer
- Database Administrator
- System Administrator
- Network Administrator
Some of the World’s top Indian and International IT companies offering placements for the B.Tech. Computer Science graduates include: Indian Companies
- Infosys Technologies
- Cognizant Technology Solutions
- HCL Technologies
- Tech Mahindra
- Patni Computer Systems
- NIIT Technologies
- Cisco Systems
- CSIR Fourth Paradigm Institute
- CSIR Unit for Research and Development of Information Products
- Advanced Numerical Research and Analysis Group (ANURAG)
- Center for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CAIR)
- Institute of Systems Studies and Analysis (ISSA)
- Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR)
- Institute of Mathematical Sciences
A Few Visionaries, Entrepreneurs, Scientists and Teachers of CSE
- Larry Page and Sergey Brin created Google, which became the buzz word for readily available information in modern day life. Google now provides many futuristic products and services.
- Bill Gates is the man who started Microsoft in his garage. He created the single most influential technology company of our times and developed Windows System that is prevalent in most of the computers and smart phones today.
- Vinod Khosla is a Co- founder of Sun Microsystems, which created Java and Network File System. He is also one of the most well known Venture Capitalists in California.
- Vinod Dham is an inventor, entrepreneur and capitalist and is popularly known as the “Father of the Pentium Chip.”
- Azim Premji is the Chairman of Wipro Ltd, guiding the company through four decades of diversification and growth to emerge as one of the leaders in the software industry. He also initiated World-renowned CSR Ventures such as Mission10X to train for gratis over 25,000 Engineering Teachers in India in the latest pedagogies & e-learning methodologies.
- Shiv Nadar ventured product services and solutions across the entire IT stack and customer satisfaction as its main focus at HCL. With over 40 years of leading the path for software industry in India, the company is also focusing on CSR initiatives such as building Universities and Networks of Schools providing high quality education to the Students.
- Satya Nadella joined Microsoft to change the world through technology and became the third CEO of Microsoft after Bill Gates and Steve Ballmer. He believes that industry doesn’t respect tradition but respects only innovations which constitute a continuing process.
- Prof. Raja Raman wrote several books on Computer Science and Programming. Apart from his immense contribution in popularizing the field of computer science he has received many honours and awards. His research work resulted in easy to implement low-cost parallel computers and optimal scheduling of tasks in parallel computers to get better performance.
Recent Developments in CSE
- Transistor revolutionized the field of electronics and led to microelectronics
- Integrated Circuit resulted in the development of Mainframes and Minicomputers
- VLSI helped the advent of PCs
- Computer Networks were developed in academic and military institutions and later became widely available as the Internet
- Laptops, Palmtops, Smart phones, Tablet PCs are integrated into managing academic curricula and industrial operations
- Cloud Computing is attracting much attention as Institutions and Companies are using it to manage their computing needs and storage solutions with an impact on the very viability of enterprises.
Civil Engineering is one of the most essential professional engineering disciplines and deals with the design, construction and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environments including construction works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, buildings and public spaces. It involves the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health and improving existing infrastructures.
Scope for Civil Engineering
Without Civil Engineers, a society could not function as they are the ones who build our roads, bridges, airports, buildings and industrial and dwelling units and ensure that the built environment we work and live in is structurally sound and comfortable for occupants or users. Civil Engineers also design the drains, the water treatment plants and supply lines that bring purified or treated water into our homes and work places. Because of the important work they do the Civil Engineering graduates are always in great demand in any Society including India.
Job Prospects for Civil Engineers
Civil Engineering graduates can choose from a variety of great careers such as
- structural engineers
- environmental engineers
- geotechnical engineers
- transportation engineers
- water resources engineers
- construction managers
- township planners
They can choose to work in
- Consulting Engineering Firms
- Central and State Government Agencies and Departments
- Construction Enterprises/ Entrepreneurs/ Businesses
- Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) National Labs such as
Structural Engineering Research Centre (SERC), Central Road Research Institute (CRRI), Central Building Research Institute (CBRI), National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI), National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI) and DSIR H.Q. and CSIR H.Q.
- Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) Labs such as
Defence Terrain Research Lab (DTRL), Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR), Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment (SASE)
- Departement of Science and Technology (DST) National Labs such as
Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Technology Information, Forecasting & Assessment Council (TIFAC) and DST H.Q.
- Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Centers
They also have options to do their Masters and Doctoral degree in Civil Engineering related specializations or an MBA in India or abroad. National Institute of Construction Management and Research (NICMAR) also offers PG Programmes for Civil Engineering Graduates.
A Few Visionaries/ Eminent Engineers in Civil Engineering
- Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was a notable Indian engineer, scholar, statesman and was the Diwan of Mysore. He is held in high regard as a pre-eminent engineer of India. He was the chief designer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad as well as the chief engineer for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mandya. He was a recipient of the Indian Republic’s highest honour, the Bharat Ratna in 1955. He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Indian Empire (KCIE) by King George V for his contributions to the public good. Engineer’s Day in India is celebrated on his Birthday in his honour.
- Sreedharan is a retired Indian Engineering Service (IES) Officer popularly known as the “Metro Man.” He was put in charge for implementation, planning and design of Calcutta metro, the first ever metro in India. Cochin Shipyard launched MV Rani Padmini, the first ship it built, when he was its Chairman and Managing Director. He was appointed the CMD of Konkan Railways in 1990 and executed it brilliantly in a very difficult terrain. Later he was made the MD of Delhi Metro and is highly regarded for the successful metro in Delhi of World Standards and is a Padma Vibhushan Awardee.
- Karl Von Terzaghi was an Austrian Civil eEngineer and G known as the “Father of Soil Mechanics.” He made outstanding contributions to knowledge in the fields of soil mechanics, subsurface and earthwork engineering and subsurface and earthwork construction.
- Christian Otto Mohr was a German civil engineer who famously developed the graphical method for analysing stress known as Mohr’s circle and used it to propose an early theory of strength based on shear stress. He also developed the Williot-Mohr diagram for truss displacements and the Maxwell-Mohr method for analysing statically indeterminate structures.
A Few Industrialists from India in Civil Engineering
- Sushil Ansal: Chairman of Ansal Group (also the Founder of Ansal University)
- Pallonji Mistry: Chairman of Shapoorji Pallonji Group
- P. Singh: Chairman and CEO of DLF Ltd
- N. C. Menon: Founder of Sobha Developers Ltd
- Sir William Atkins: Founder of Atkins
- Riley Bechtel: Chairman of Bechtel Corporation
Recent Developments in Civil Engineering:
- Green or Sustainable buildings are environmentally responsible and resource efficient throughout a building’s life cycle.
- Earthquake Resistant Structures are intended to withstand the largest earthquake of a certain probability that is likely to occur at their location and to minimize or avoid loss of life by preventing collapse of the buildings from earthquakes.
- Geosynthetics are polymeric products used to mitigate many civil engineering problems and are used in many geotechnical, transportation, geo-environmental, hydraulic applications including roads, airfields, railroads, embankments, retaining structures, reservoirs, canals, dams, erosion control, sediment control, landfill liners, landfill covers, mining, aquaculture and agriculture.
- Prestressed Concrete is a method for overcoming concrete’s natural weakness in tension. Prestressing tendons are used to provide a clamping load which produces a compressive stress that balances the tensile stress that the concrete compression member would otherwise experience due to a bending load.
- Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) are advanced applications that aim to provide innovative services relating to different modes of transport and traffic management and enable various users to be better informed and make safer, more coordinated, more efficient and smarter use of overburdened transport networks.
- Self Compacting Concrete (SCC) is a flowing concrete mixture that is able to consolidate under its own weight. The highly fluid nature of SCC makes it suitable for placing in difficult conditions and in sections with congested reinforcements.
Electronics and Communication Engineering
Bachelor of Technology Program in Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE) aims to provide a strong foundation in theoretical, practical and design aspects of this discipline. ECE essentially is about hardware and mechanics of dealing with information, its coding and decoding and transmission, handling, manipulation, receiving and distribution of signals.
Scope for ECE
ECE has much future because modern technology uses electronics, chips, transistors, fibers and interfaces, which form the hardware of any machine that processes information or signals across any industry or application. The development of the Modern-day World encompassing telecommunication networks, satellites, microelectronics and information technology is based on Electronics and Communication Engineering. Electronics has also helped in developing modern technologies, health care, industrial automation, digital signal processing and conversion schemes.
Job Prospects for ECE
Today various technologies are growing at a rapid pace due to the synergy of disciplines placing more and more demand for ECE graduates to come up with and help provide continuous improvements and breakthrough developments in hardware to enable these technologies to reach the consumer. An ECE graduate can find job in the sectors such as:
- Consumer Electronics
- Health Care Equipment
- Mobile Communications
- Internet Technologies
- Power Electronics
- Other Industries like Steel, Petroleum and Chemical
An Electronics Engineer can get a job in Central Government, State Governments, PSUs and Private Organizations All India Radio (AIR), Indian Telephone Industries Ltd (ITI), BSNL, MTNL, Civil Aviation Dept, Post and Telegraph (P&T) Dept, Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL), Entertainment Transmission Industry etc. CSIR Labs National Physical Laboratory (NPL), Central Electronics Research Laboratory (CEERI), Central Scientific Instruments Organization (CSIO), National Aerospace Lab (NAL) DRDO Labs Aerial Delivery Research & Development Establishment (ARDE), Center for Air Borne Systems (CABS), Defence Avionics Research Establishment (DARE), Defence Electronics Lab (DLRL), Defence Electronics Applications Lab (DEAL), Electronics & RADAR Development Establishment (LRDE), Laser Science & Technology (LASTEC), Microwave Tube Research & Development Center (MTRDC), Solid State Physics Lab (SSPL) ISRO Centers ISRO Satellite Center (ISAC), ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC), Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems (LEOS) They can also take up teaching and research with further studies at PG level in India or abroad. They may also be Entrepreneurs by starting small-scale and medium scale industries or Training Institute for short term courses on Embedded Systems, Microcontrollers, VLSI Systems and Digital Circuits.
A Few Visionaries Industrialists/ Scientists/ Teachers of ECE
- Sir J. C. Bose invented the Mercury Coherer (together with the Telephone Receiver) used by Guglielmo Marconi to receive the radio signal in his first transatlantic radio communication over a distance of 2000 miles from Poldhu, UK to Newfoundland, St. Johns in December 1901. In 1895, Sir J. C. Bose gave his first public demonstration of electromagnetic waves, using them to ring a bell remotely and to explode some gunpowder. He also holds the first Patent worldwide to invent a solid-state diode detector to detect EM waves. He was also a pioneer in the field of microwave devices. His contribution remains distinguished in the field and was acknowledged by the likes of Lord Kelvin, Lord Rayleigh, etc. (Source: http://web.mit.edu/varun_ag/www/bose.html).
- Amar Bose was an electrical engineer and sound engineer and served as a Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for over 45 years. He was also the Founder and Chairman of Bose Corporation, which is the World’s foremost authority in Sound Engineering.
- Jaswinder Ahuja, MD, Cadence Design Systems (India) Pvt. Ltd. He leads Cadence’s India operating region and the global customer support and educational services businesses. Jaswinder is a founding member of the VLSI Society of India (VSI) and currently serves as its President and Chairman of the India Semiconductor Association.
- Sam Pitroda revolutionized telecom Sector by liberalizing economy with the support of Rajiv Gandhi, which resulted in new telephone (cell phone) connections numbering in hundreds of millions being provided in a span of 20 years compared tens millions of landline connections made available in about 7 decades of the Independent India. Also telecom Sector is one of the first liberalized Sectors for ushering in the era of modern Economy in India since 1980’s and later more vigorously since 1990’s.
Recent Developments in ECE
- Consumer Electronics
- Bio-Medical Electronics
- Satellite Communications
- Wireless Communications
iPod was invented by Apple Inc. in the year 2001 followed by iPhone in 2007 that continue to set the standards in performance and aesthetics of hand-held devices.
Mechanical Engineering is one of the most established, diverse and essential engineering disciplines and deals with the design, research, analysis, manufacturing and development of Mechanical and Industrial Systems. Engineering Disciplines of Aerospace, Aeronautical and Automobile are also closely allied with Mechanical Engineering and had spun out of Mechanical Engineering. This discipline involves the study of Design, Materials, Solid Mechanics, Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Energy Systems (Renewable and Nonrenewable), Refrigeration, Heat Transfer, Control Systems (Hydraulic, Pneumatic and Robotic), Instrumentation, Industrial Engineering and Manufacturing Processes and their integration to develop Mechanical Systems and to plan and execute Industrial Operations effectively and efficiently to make different products.
Scope for ME
Mechanical Engineering graduates are mostly involved in sectors like Power Generation, Mining, Automotive, Aeronautical, Shipping, Steel, Cement, Oil and Gas Exploration, Textile, Printing, Bio-Mechanical, Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning, Micro-Grid, Space Research, Automation, Automation, Manufacturing Industry and Service Industry etc. Application of Mechanical Engineering is found in all kind of industries, therefore the demand of Mechanical Engineering graduates is very high and ever present.
Job Prospects for ME
Mechanical Engineering Graduate may be employed
- Design Engineer
- Production Engineer
- Maintenance Engineer
- Automotive Engineer
- Mining Engineer
- Marine Engineer
- Quality Control Engineer
- Quality Assurance Engineer
- Managerial Positions
They may be employed by many varieties of organizations such as: PSUs, Private Industrial Conglomerates BHEL, Shipping Corp of India, HAL, RIL, Essar, L&T, Bharat Forge, Maruti Suzuki, Tata Group, Birla Group, Hero Group, Bajaj Group, NTPC, ONGC CSIR Labs Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI), Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP), Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR) DRDO Labs Combat Vehicles Research & Development (CVRDE), Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE), Naval Science and Technological Lab (NSTL), Vehicles Research & Development Establishment (VRDE) ISRO Centers Liquid Propulsion Systems Center (LPSC) Vikram Sarabhai Space Center (VSSC) Graduates of Mechanical Engineering may go for M.Tech., Ph.D., or M.B.A. either in India or abroad. A very enterprising Mechanical Engineering Graduate can also start an industry in various fields like development of renewable energy systems, small scale manufacturing units for a multinational company, component or service provider for automobiles or integrated steel plants.
A Few Visionaries, Entrepreneurs, Scientists and Teachers of ME
- Willis Carrier pioneered design and manufacture of modern Air Conditioning Systems.
- Dugald Clerk invented 2-Stroke Engine Nicolaus Otto developed first commercial 4-Stroke Engine .
- James Watt invented Steam Engine.
- Rudolf Diesel invented Diesel Engine.
- Karl Benz was the inventor of Petrol powered Automobile and Founder of Mercedes-Benz .
- Anil Kakodkar is an Indian nuclear scientist and mechanical engineer. He was the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India and the Secretary to the Government of India, he was the Director of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay from 1996-2000. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second highest civilian honour, on January 26, 2009.
- Jamnalal Bajaj, Founder of Bajaj Auto Ltd, an Indian 2-wheeler and 3-wheeler manufacturer.
- Brijmohan Lall Munjal, Founder of Hero Group, (Hero Cycles and Hero Motor Corp).
- N.A. Kalyani, Founder of Bharat Forge, which is a forging company based in Pune, India
- V. Sundram Iyengar, Founder of TVS group whose subsidiary TVS Motors won the Deming Application Prize in 2002
- Narasimha is an Indian scientist and fluid dynamicist. He was a Professor at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Director of National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) and the Chairman of Engineering Mechanics Unit at Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR). He is now the Pratt & Whitney Chair in Science and Engineering at the U. of Hyderabad. He has been awarded the Padma Vibushan, India’s second highest civilian award in 2013.
Recent Developments in ME
- Electricity from renewable energy sources such as Wind, Solar, Ocean, Geothermal, Tidal.
- Defense weapons
- Fuel efficient vehicles and engines
- Intelligent Vehicles
- Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems
- Nano Electro-Mechanical Systems
- Structural Composites
- Pollution Control Services
- Efficient energy conversion systems
- Environment friendly refrigeration systems
- Computational Fluid Dynamics
- Finite Element Analysis
Multiple Criteria Decision Making